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    Julie Wright - Owner/Manager - BARE EQUINE AUSTRALIA Dip. EPT (Equine Podiotherapy), Certified Equine Myofunctional Therapist. "QUICK PICS" For Hoof Nerds such as myself, there is nothing better than a beautifully balanced hoof standing on a level surface, with no traces of pathology. Its a thing of beauty and its really not as easy as you would think to capture those photos. I'm no expert either, usually down and dirty thinking you've got the shot for a case study or progress photos only to get home and realise you've taken a selfie of your hot sweaty head instead. It certainly takes practice - but even if it is not the magic shot, the angles from which the photo is taken DO MATTER. So, you've got a question or query about something that doesn't look quite right with your horses hooves so you head out and take a quick snapshot to send over to your Farrier or Trimmer for their feedback. Well, if you don't like feedback as I've provided on this photo to a friend who was out horse shopping, maybe read on. There are some obvious concerns immediately when looking to remotely assess this horses hoof condition - but the photo is from such a bad angle that this was the photo above with inserted "poo" emojis was my reply. No further feedback was supplied. Over the course of my career as a Hoof Care Professional, I've had hundreds sent through. "Hey, do you mind quickly looking at this to tell me if you think there is something wrong" usually accompanied by a photo such as below. Hmmm, looks like Kikuyu pasture with a big chunk of something resembling a hoof in the way. Yes from this photo above, I can see there is perhaps a crack in the hoof and also perhaps a resected part of the hoof beside it - but is it a shadow? Not really sure. Not commenting. This one below, the sender was now educated enough to know something is not quite right with the hoof in the photo - which is commendable so she decided to delve further into hoof photography and send this gem through. I'm just not sure if the horse is standing in an oil slick and if Batman may be featuring here as well. Out horse shopping and want some feedback from your farrier or trimmer? DON'T Snap a quick pic and send through with 29 other quick pics for their feedback. The following 5 photographs were from this same series of "quick pics" This one gives me Vertigo - I mean the hoof looks like it has potential but I got all giddy and kind of spun out and decided not to look any further. Replied comment - "Looks like they feed Oaten Hay". I don't even know how to caption this! It hurts my eyes just looking at it. I don't even know how you would get this angle on a photo unless your phone suddenly captured a shot as you were about to land head first into the concrete. This one is absolute GOLD! I'm pretty sure this was reply worthy - probably something like "Nice driveway - do they own a horse aswell?" or maybe "Are you kidding me?" Ok ok - but really all the above are a waste of storage space on your device. Like I mentioned above, I'm no pro Hoof Photographer, even though I've been "trying" to get my photos clearer and more consistent over the years. The below is a quick snapshot of the 4 angles that can be immediately useful not only to yourself but definitely more helpful to any professional you will send on to. DORSAL VIEW Place the camera at ground level - ideally the horse is on a flat even surface and the photo is centred. DORSAL VIEW - still not the ideal hoof photo but I think you would agree a much better angle to assess what may be going on in this hoof before seeing it in the flesh or helping to offer remote advice on possible topical applications which may benefit. LATERAL VIEW Lateral view is another tricky one. Camera at ground level and you need to ensure you are in the centre of the hoof when taking the photo. This is especially important if you are assessing lower limb conformation. LATERAL VIEW - again, not the perfect photo as the camera is not centred on the hoof. This angle now gives us a better picture combined with the Dorsal View of the hoof. SOLAR VIEW Camera facing directly downwards to the horses sole. Clean the hoof as thoroughly as possible. This allows whomever may be viewing your photos to get a good look at the balance of the hoof, frog health etc. Again it would be ideal to have the hoof fully cleaned out and cracks and crevices blasted free of debris. Solar view - definitely got some smelly cracks this one. CAUDAL VIEW The camera is held level at the heels and can incorporate some of the sole. CAUDAL - assess heel structure and balance . Caudal view incorporating some of the sole in the view to assess balance. This shot is a little off balance as the hoof is not being held level in the photo. There are other helpful views if your Farrier or Trimmer or Veterinarian needs to see them remotely - including a full body shot. But for now, these 4 Hoof Photo angles will get you started. Go have a practice and see what you can come up with. Its always fascinating to keep a track of your horses hoof care progress. So - please no more UNSOLICITIED QUICK PICS Take a little time - photos do not have to be perfect but ideally have had a hoof pick and brush run over them prior to the photo and no weird angles needed thanks!. If you need Hoof Care Solutions - Bare Equine Australia can help you help your horse BUILD HEALTHIER HOOVES with our simple and effective Hoof Care Range. This simple 4 square photo collage is a guide to views required as a starting point. FOLLOW US ON SOCIALS

  • FUNGAL Infections of the Coronet Band and Hoof Wall in Horses

    WHAT IS THAT? A "V" shape Fungal infection of the outer wall in a Horse which originated at the Coronet Band. What does it look like? When you first see one of these infections in a Horse, you may be left scratching your head. I know I was when I first encountered it. I went in search of answers of course. Pictured above: My first encounter with a fungal infection that had started at the Coronet. Typically mistaken for an Abscess exit hole or assumed that the horse has somehow damaged or knocked his wall to create either a ridge or a hollow. How does this start? I'm not sure anyone has all the answers as yet. I feel I've seen enough cases and helped owners to stop them in their tracks with topical applications to weigh in on this subject. Usually during a wet weather event, the Periople gets waterlogged and swells. If the Periople swells enough to create "pockets" which then pop open and hence now do not have the soft cover of the Periople over the wall at the Coronet Band (where the hoof wall joins the skin). Waterlogged Periople swollen and pockets "popped" into a circular shape. This is prime time for the Fungal spores to lodge themselves into the coronet band and start to thrive. Fungal infection taking hold at coronet after wet conditions have swollen periople at coronet. DIAGONAL AND "V" SHAPED I have seen these in the Diagonal line and "V" shaped growths. So lets say you have a fungal infection that has managed to creep in to the coronet band at the centre of the hoof. As the hoof starts to grow down, the fungal infection is still active and spreading at the coronet band - either in one direction or both. So the centre part of the hoof is growing, and as the fungas spreads in either direction or both, you will see the ridges of where this has travelled as the hoof grows through. Pictured above: Infection has started at the coronet band at the back of the hoof. So as that part of the fungus grows down and the infection spreads laterally towards the centre of the hoof, you see the ridges (in this case) left behind by the disruption in growth of the hoof wall. This infection still current at coronet band on hoof. Another diagonal line which has started off centre (medially) of the toe and has grown laterally. This horse was also advised to start topical treatment at the coronet at the point where the fungus line stops. This one has presented as a slight hollow rather than a ridge. "V" Shaped infection which has spread both medially and laterally. As the centre of the hoof grows down where the initially infection started, the infection moves medially and latterally in this case creating further ridges so as those parts of the wall then grow through, this produces the "V" shape. The more pronounced the "V" shape, the slower growing it is. In my practice, I have found that these ridges are not typically noticed until they are grown below the Periople or even further down the capsule. Seemingly appearing overnight. The further they grown down the hoof, typically the worse they start to look (as above pic). As the hoof is slightly weakened in these areas, the Stratum Externum (outer wall) starts to wear a little and may even look like a hole which is why some may assume it has been an abscess exit point. What we advise to prevent and topicals we recommend. My current protocol in my own horses and those that have been prone to coronet band fungal infections in the past is to keep the Periople lubricated throughout the dry months with our Hoof Balm. Hoof Balm is an ALL NATURAL product made with Cosmetic Grade ingredients. With a host of ingredients targeted at hydration and protection, we have also ensured that the ingredients are targeted at Fungal and Bacterial infections of the hoof wall and skin. Essential Oils of Kunzea, Lemon, Lemon Myrtle and Eucalyptus Citriodora along with Grapefruit Seed Oil pack an Antimicrobial punch. Prior to wet periods, lube up the Hoof with our Hoof Balm HOOF BALM | Bareequineaustralia and ensure you work it into the Coronet. With Beeswax in the mix, this will provide a slight water repelling property and aims to reduce the over swelling of the Periople during the wet periods. If infection takes hold, rub Hoof Balm into coronet band. You could also mix in some Athletes Foot Cream available from the chemist. Apply daily for 2 weeks. This should stop the medial or lateral (or both) spread of the fungus. As the infection grows further down the hoof, the infection lines may split. As in the above photo, you can see as this "V" infection has grown down, the hoof is starting to split open. To prevent this from damaging the hoof further, we recommend cleansing with our Hoof Spray Hoof Spray - 500ml with KUNZEA OIL | Bareequineaustralia Ensure all debris are cleaned from the site by blasting our Hoof Spray and thoroughly cleansing with a hoof brush. Dry off the site and apply our Beeswax PURE Balls Beeswax PURE Balls | Bareequineaustralia which are specifially made to keep abscess exit point and hoof cracks clear of debris to prevent further spread of pathogens. I have not seen one yet in close to 2 decades of Hoof Care work that has penetrated deeper than the Stratum Medium (unpigmented hoof wall). Its always exciting when you get to trim the Hoof Wall of these infections at ground level and check out the trimmings. Have you ever had this happen to your horse or seen it in your travels? We'd love to see your photos. Julie Wright Owner/Manager - BARE EQUINE AUSTRALIA Dip. EPT (Equine Podiotherapy) Certified EMT (Equine Myofunctional Therapist)


    LAMINITIS Laminitis is not a death sentence but management takes 100% commitment. Julie Wright – Dip EPT - Owner/Manager BARE EQUINE AUSTRALIA Some of the cases attended to by Bare Equine Australia over the years. We follow and recommend the principles set in place by the ECIR Group (Equine Cushing’s and Insulin Resistance Group) www.ecirhorse.org If your management during high risk seasons (typically Autumn and Spring) or for high risk horses is complete turnout on pasture without limited (safe hours) grazing, be prepared for the worst. This is a summary of an emergency plan for pasture induced laminitis however, nothing will replace strict management. Recommendation is to graze early morning (between 3am and 10am) or a variation of hours within that and have a “dry lot” with access to low sugar and starch hay. D.D.T + E = DIAGNOSIS, DIET, TRIM AND EXERCISE PREVENTION IS ALWAYS BETTER THAN A CURE DIAGNOSIS – Laminitis can affect any horse or pony, especially with these exceptional seasons we are now experiencing. Great for fattening livestock but not so for horses. Vets are the only horse practitioner who can “diagnose” but if you recognise the symptoms of laminitis, your hoof care professional can usually help you assess and will then direct you to your Veterinarian for further testing. Your hoof care practitioner may also be the one who picks up the subtle signs at your regular trim appointment prior to the horse showing laminitis symptoms. Please follow their advice. Referring to a Veterinarian may involve blood samples to check for PPID (Equine Cushing’s Disease) or EMS (Equine Metabolic Syndrome). It is highly recommended that the veterinarian also performs radiographs of the hooves to check for any rotation or distortions which will also allow your hoof care practitioner to have a clearer picture of what is needed for the rehabilitation stage. Please discuss these options with your hoof care provider and veterinarian so they may work together for the best outcome for your horse. Whilst waiting for diagnosis – remove your horse from all grazing and restrict to a comfortable yard which is dirt/sand/shavings – whatever area you have available. If you don’t have a suitable area available – GET BUSY – NO EXCUSES. DIET REMOVE THE INSULT! In the areas of Australia which have had drought breaking rains over the last year or so, we are seeing so much pasture induced laminitis. Remove your horse from grass immediately and ensure you have a safe secure dirt/sand yard for them to be confined. This is not cruel, this is your responsibility as a horse owner to implement the emergency actions needed for your horse to have the best chance of recovery. Try to estimate the weight of your horse. If you have not recently had your horse on a weigh scale, you may like to try a weight tape to estimate their current weight. If your horse needs to lose weight, feed is to be weighed and fed at the rate of 1.5% of bodyweight per 24 hour period. If your horse does not need to lose weight, feed 2% of their bodyweight per 24 hour period. This percentage includes the hard feed portion of the diet. A RECOMMENDED SUITABLE DIET for EMERGENCY IMPLEMENTATION LOW SUGAR and STARCH HAY Preferably tested to have a value of below 10% when combining ESC + STARCH. This will generally rule out the following hay which will not be suitable for feeding: Clover, Rye Grass, Oaten Hay, Wheaten Hay, Lucerne Hay. Hays which *may* be suitable depending on Feed Test results: Rhodes, Native Grass, Teff*, Mixed Pasture* (these have been know to regularly test over the recommended 10% so please be aware). I find this is the biggest issue when trying to help laminitic horses. Feed stores quite often supply unsuspecting purchasers meadow hays (which are pure rye grass) or Teff Hay which has not been tested (but assured to be low ESC + starch) which turns out later to be tested way above the amounts that have been quoted. Another frustrating aspect of sourcing suitable hay is the client’s unwillingness to actually do the legwork. I would love to have a magic supplier or hay which I know is 100% suitable with a never ending supply of your choice of packaging of the hay but in reality, no-one is going to be able to provide that for you at this point in time so get off your butt and start investigating what is available and how you can make it work for your current situation!. Ask around – ask your farrier, ask your vet, ask your horse friends, check out marketplace and gumtree or get together with some friends and get a bulk load of TESTED hay. This is so difficult for many (I understand) but the right hay is out there please don’t just sit around waiting for it to turn up on your doorstep without some effort on your part. If you provide a good quality tested hay and “your horse won’t eat it”, do not give in and offer alternatives!. I’ve never seen a horse starve themselves with good hay in front of them. Soaking hay – soaking for 1 hour in water may help remove up to 30% of the sugar content in hay which is the best course of action to take on untested hay no matter what the feed store has told you. Leave to drip dry in the shade before feeding out. HAY NETS will become your best friend so invest in a few. If your horse has not used hay nets before, they will take a little time to adjust, however most do so very quickly. You may like to help them get the idea of this by pulling some hay out through the holes in clumps until they adjust. Weigh scale clips suitable for haynets are also available and will take the guesswork out of working out the amount of hay to feed per 24 hour period. HARD FEEDS REMOVE ALL PREPACKAGED HARD FEEDS IMMEDIATELY. Replace with the following (please note this is not a balanced diet but is an emergency diet until hay analysis can be done). It will provide your horse with the immediate needs whilst ensuring the diet remains low in sugars/starches. MICROBEET/SPEEDIBEET (Soaked Beet Pulp) An excellent feed which is low in sugars/starches and soaks up easily in warm or cold water to which you can add the extra necessities of the emergency diet to. To reduce the iron content of the beet pulp, rinse and soak 2-3 times prior to the main soaking. You may need to use a kitchen sieve for this process. Soaking usually takes 5 mins in warm water and 10 minutes in cool water. Please note when weighing beet pulp this measurement is done as a dry weight (before soaking). Add to this: • Iodised Salt – 1-2 heaped tablespoons for a horse (approx. 500kgs) • Magnesium Oxide – 3 grams per day for a horse (approx.. 500kgs) • Vitamin E – 2000iu per day for a horse (approx..500kgs). • Linseed (ground fresh) – approx. 100 grams for a horse (approx. 500kgs) (Above is recommended by the ECIR GROUP) – however I usually recommend adding a good quality “basic” mineral mix (Copper & Zinc) to the above recommendation. If you have a full mineral profile on your hay, you may be able to tweak the above a little with help of a nutritionist familiar with laminitis as you move through into the recovery phase. IODISED SALT – available from the supermarket as an emergency purchase or through stock feeds in larger quantities. MAGNESIUM OXIDE – usually available from stock feeds. VITAMIN E – best supplemented in the form of the Human Gel Caps (d-alpha Tocopherol) LINSEEDS – available at stock feeds or in the supermarket. Use a coffee grinder to grind fresh at every meal. Chances of the above diet being balanced are very slim – however remember this is an emergency situation and requires you to remove all supplements apart from those listed above to establish ground zero. TRIM I’m sorry to say that if you cannot implement the DIAGNOSIS AND DIET for your laminitic pony or horse, then your trimmer or farrier is not going to be able to purely “trim out the laminitis”. This is a long term plan that needs to be set up with your trimmer and will need to be adjusted depending on what they are seeing in the hooves at each visit. Initially, this may be every fortnight for a couple of cycles until they are happy with the progress. Let’s not underestimate the importance of having your hoof care provider very familiar with and trained in (and lots of experience) with laminitic hooves. To have these people in your corner is something you MUST cherish. Please help them help your horses by making a plan and sticking to it. For specialist laminitic trimming (overgrown hooves, severely lame horses, horses that cannot stand for more than 30 seconds with a foot lifted etc etc) – expect the charges from your trimmer to be more per visit as there is usually more time taken (and sore backs for your trimmer) than a regular trim. This and the fact that the appointment will usually run longer discussing progress/housing/diets/exercise etc and they may be diverting off their usual run to see you more as needed. Your trimmer has no doubt been dealing with more than your case of laminitis throughout the peak seasons so please be mindful that they are probably a little run down as well from seeing old and new clients battling through laminitis season. (Yes we do suffer from compassion fatigue!) HOOF BOOTS WITH PADS Necessary for the comfort of your horse and for moving your horse around when it comes time to start some hand walking/light exercise. There are many types available from specific therapy boots with thick pads to riding boots which can take a 20mm pad and be used later as a riding boot. We use and recommend the ranges supplied by Easycare Down Under and Hoof Boots Australia These are not a "set and forget" system - they will need to be checked and cleaned daily if not twice daily. HOOF CARE - YOUR PART - DAILY MAINTENANCE Daily or twice daily hoof checks and cleanses will still need to be done - especially if your horse is in Hoof Boots 24/7 or a less than ideal environment (mud yards). Our HOOF SPRAY (cleanser), HOOF PACK (to keep thrush at bay) and HOOF POWDER (absorb moisture and odours) combined into our "Thrush Care Package" is the ideal trio for this scenario. Your trimmer or veterinarian will usually be able to consult with your when its an appropriate time to start introducing light hand walking or light (non ridden!) exercise. Please don’t think that the minute your horse starts to feel a bit better that it is time to get riding again. Its going to be a long and sometimes rough ride - so buckle up, strap in and give it 100%. "PAIN IS TEMPORARY, DEATH IS FOREVER" **This article is not intended to replace Veterinary Advice. As discussed in the article, please get your Veterinarian involved with any of the first signs or suspicion of Laminitis.

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  • | Bareequineaustralia

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  • Hoof Care Australia | Bare Equine Australia

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  • Professionals | Bareequineaustralia

    Affiliate program for Hoof Care Professionals LAUNCHING EARLY 2022 Bare Equine Australia Hoof Care Professionals Become an affiliate in 2022 Thanks for checking in. ​ We are excited to announce that we are preparing to launch an affiliate program with Hoof Care professionals Australia wide in 2022. ​ We've been there, we've been down and dirty in Hoof Funk and we have a range of solutions for you and your clients. ​ No more blank stares or eye rolls when you send your clients off with a shopping list of products to deal with their hoof problems in between your professional visits. ​ We can cover their needs with Australian made Hoof Care solutions for common hoof pathology and support your business with a value add at the same time. ​ Want to know more? Fill in the form below - and we will send you further details very soon. ​ Get On The List Sign up to receive the first word when we go live. First Name Last Name Email Phone Business Name Subscribe Thank you, we will be in touch with you shortly. ​ Looking forward to working with you.

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